Ancient Civilizations Wiped Out By Allah (swt). Will you then believe?
Are you dying to drive that car? To wake up and find it in your garage everyday? Who doesn’t want that exclusive limited edition work of art? Dead and starving children.
When Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala blesses you with lots of money, The almighty is testing you. What are you going to do with it Son of Adam? Will you buy that car or help your muslims brothers and sisters everywhere?
Life is an exam, you live once, choose wisely.
May Allah protect you from Shaitan and grant you Taqwa with Emaan.
“Whatever the Messenger hands over to you, take it, and whatever he forbids you therefrom, obey him (Qur’an, 59:7).”
The above verse should be reflected upon before and after the reading of this chapter, and you will see why shortly.
One event in which the Shia of Ahlul Bayt (as) will never forget is the Calamity of Thursday or as others call it Pen and Paper Incident. This event is well documented in many Sunni and Shia hadiths, such that every Muslim should be familiar with it. It is a disturbing event in which shows the true character of some of the Prophet’s (saw) companions – during the lifetime of the Prophet (saw). While this event is a tragedy to all Shia Muslims, many Sunni Muslims do not think of importance or relevant.
The incident took place during the end of the Prophet’s (saw) lifetime, within about three days of his death. Muhammad (saw) was on his bed with his home full of companions and men including Umar. The Holy Prophet requested a pen and paper to write something down so that that Ummah will not go astray after his death. Umar denied this request of the Prophet and even accusing the Prophet of being delusional and that the Qur’an is sufficient for the Ummah to not go astray. The men began to argue among themselves and causing much loud noise even though Muhammad (saw) was on his death bed right next to them – had they no shame? The Prophet then became angered and ordered everyone to leave his home, including Umar.
“When the time of the death of the Prophet approached while there were some men in the house, and among them was ‘Umar Ibn al-Khattab, the Prophet said: “Come near let me write for you a writing after which you will never go astray.” ‘Umar said: “The Prophet is seriously ill, and you have the Qur’an, so Allah (swt)’s Book is sufficient for us.” The people in the house differed and disputed. Some of them said, “Come near so that Allah (swt)’s Apostle may write for you a writing after which you will not go astray,” while the others said what ‘Umar said. When they made much noise and quarreled greatly in front of the Prophet, he said to them, “Go away and leave me.” Ibn ‘Abbas used to say, “It was a great disaster that their quarrel and noise prevented Allah (swt)’s Apostle from writing a statement for them.”
(Sahih al-Bukhari Arabic-English, Volume 9 hadith # 468, and Volume 7 hadith #573)
Also in Muslim:
Sa’id b. Jubair reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said: Thursday, (and then said): What is this Thursday? He then wept so much that his tears moistened the pebbles. I said: Ibn ‘Abbas, what is (significant) about Thursday? He (Ibn ‘Abbas) said: The illness of Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) took a serious turn (on this day), and he said: Come to me, so that I should write for you a document that you may not go astray after me. They (the Companions around him) disputed, and it is not right to dispute in the presence of the Apostle. They said: How is he (Allah (swt)’s Apostle)? Has he lost his consciousness? Try to learn from him (this point). He (the Holy Prophet) said: Leave me. I am better in the state (than the one in which you are engaged). I make a will about three things: Turn out the polytheists from the territory of Arabia; show hospitality to the (foreign) delegations as I used to show them hospitality. He (the narrator) said: He (Ibn Abbas) kept silent on the third point, or he (the narrator) said: But I forgot that.
(Sahih Muslim Book 013, #4014)
Sa’id b. Jubair reported from Ibn Abbas that he said: Thursday, and what about Thursday? Then tears began to flow until I saw them on his cheeks as it they were the strings of pearls. He (the narrator) said that Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Bring me a shoulder blade and ink-pot (or tablet and inkpot), so that I write for you a document (by following which) you would never go astray. They said: Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace upon him) is in the state of unconsciousness.
(Sahih Muslim Book 013, # 4015)
Ibn Abbas reported: When Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) was about to leave this world, there were persons (around him) in his house, ‘Umar b. al-Kbattab being one of them. Allah (swt)’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Come, I may write for you a document; you would not go astray after that. Thereupon Umar said: Verily Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) is deeply afflicted with pain. You have the Qur’an with you. The Book of Allah (swt) is sufficient for us. Those who were present in the house differed. Some of them said: Bring him (the writing material) so that Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) may write a document for you and you would never go astray after him. And some among them said what ‘Umar had (already) said. When they indulged in nonsense and began to dispute in the presence of Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), he said: Get up (and go away) ‘Ubaidullah said: Ibn Abbas used to say: There was a heavy loss, indeed a heavy loss, that, due to their dispute and noise. Allah (swt)’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) could not write (or dictate) the document for them.
(Sahih Muslim Book 013, # 4016)
What the Prophet (saw) wanted to write down must have been extremely important – important enough to which the Ummah will not go astray if but they knew what would be written. His last message to the Ummah would surely have been a very important one if he would have been granted his last wish of a pen and paper to write it down. Another thing to note down is that he was denied his request. Is it not a sin to question or deny something to the most holy of Prophet’s (saw)?
“Obey Allah (swt) and Obey his Prophet and worry, and be warned that the Prophet’s duty is only to deliver the message clearly”
(Surah al Maidah verse 92)
“Perform Salat (Prayer), give Zakat and Obey Allah (swt) and his Prophet” (Surah Mujadilah verses 12-13)
“Obey Allah (swt) and his Prophet and if you dispute, then on him is what is imposed on him, and on you is what is imposed on you; and if you obey him you are guided aright; and there is no duty on the Prophet save the clear delivery”.
(Surah Nur verse 54)
Say, “Obey Allah (swt) and the Prophet, but if they turn back, then verily Allah (swt) does not love the disbelievers”
(Surah Aal-e-Imran verse 32)
“O ye who believe! Obey Allah (swt) and His Messenger, and turn not away from him when ye hear (him speak).”
(Surah Anfal verse 20)
“And obey Allah (swt) and His Messenger and do not quarrel.”
(Surah Anfal verse 46)
Also when Umar claimed that the Qur’an is sufficient for the Ummah, does Umar have more knowledge than Muhammad (saw) to have such a claim? Did he not know to whom the Qur’an was directly revealed to? Does the Prophet not know enough about the Ummah or the Qur’an for Umar to say such a disgusting thing? He claimed that the Prophet was delusional – how can a person say such a thing? Why would Allah (swt) allow his messenger to be delusional at any moment in his life? If he was delusional in this incident would he not have been delusional in his past? Would not the columns of Islam crumble if we claimed the Prophet could have been delusional for even a second of him being a Prophet?
“Thursday! And you know not what Thursday is?” After that Ibn ‘Abbas wept till the stones on the ground were soaked with his tears. On that I asked Ibn ‘Abbas, “What is (about) Thursday?” He said, “When the condition (i.e. health) of Allah (swt)’s Apostle deteriorated, he said, ‘Bring me a bone of scapula, so that I may write something for you after which you will never go astray.’ The people differed in their opinions although it was improper to differ in front of a prophet. They said, ‘What is wrong with him? Do you think he is talking no sense (delirious)? Ask him (to see if he is talking no sense). The Prophet replied, ‘Leave me, for I am in a better state than what you are asking me.’ Then the Prophet ordered them to do three things saying: ‘Turn out all the pagans from the Arabian Peninsula, show respect to all foreign delegates by giving them gifts as I used to do.’ The third order was something beneficial which either Ibn ‘Abbas did not mention or he mentioned but I forgot!”
(Sahih al-Bukhari Arabic-English, Volume 9 hadith # 468, and Volume 4 hadith #393)
Even some Sunni Scholar’s claim this event was a calamity and that Umar denied a request of the Prophet:
“the first dispute that took place during the Prophet’s sickness, according to what the Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad b. Isma’il al-Bukhari relates on the authority of Abdullah b. Abbas, is as follows: When the last sickness of the Prophet became acute, he said, ‘Bring me an inkpot and writing material; I shall write something for you so that you will not be led astray after my departure’. Umar said, ‘the Prophet has been overcome by pain, God’s Book is sufficient for us’. A noisy argument arose among those gathered; whereupon the Prophet said ‘Go away there should be no quarrelling in my presence’. Ibn Abbas says, ‘What a tragedy which prevented us from having some writing of the Prophet!”.
(Al Mihal al Nahal, by Allamah Muhuummud b. Add’al Karim Shahrastani, page 18 - English translation by A.K.Kazi and J.G.Flynn (publishers Kegan Paul International, First Edition 1984))
It is clear from the hadiths that:
- Umar denied a request of the Prophet.
- Umar claimed that the Prophet was delusional.
- Umar and his companions caused much loud noise around the Prophet when he was on his deathbed.
- Umar as well as the others were ordered to leave the Prophet’s house because they have angered him. (Anyone who angers Muhammad saw angers Allah (swt) swt)
- And because of Umar, the Ummah has gone astray due to the Prophet not being granted the request to write down what he wanted to.
Notes I took on Dr. Sayed Ammar Nakshawani’s, “Do the Shia believe Gabriel betrayed Imam Ali (as)?”
- A myth about the Shia has been around for a long time:
- This idea that after the Salah (obligatory prayers), the Shia (followers of Muhammad and his family - peace be upon him and his family) send a curse on the angel Gabriel (as)
- The idea that after each prayer, the Shia say “Khaanal Ameen” (The trustworthy one made a mistake) three times
- The idea that the Shia think the revelation of prophethood must have gone to Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (as, peace be upon him) instead of RasulAllah Prophet Muhammad (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam, peace be upon him & his family)
- The first group of people to have an animosity towards Gabriel according to the Quran:
- The Children of Israel - The Jews living in Madinah, Saudi Arabia
- One of the reasons why these Jews resided in Madinah was because the Old Testament had indications that a Messiah would come from Madinah
- The Jews were expecting a Messiah with lots of glory and prestige, when they saw RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) they were shocked
- RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) was a simple man who had migrated from Makah, Saudi Arabia with a group of muhajireen (followers)
- As RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) was gaining followers in Madinah, and more and more people were accepting the religion of Islam, RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) formed the Constitution of Madinah.
- The Constitution allowed for the Jews to practice their religion in their Synagogues, the Christians to practice in their Churches, and for the Muslims to practise in Mosques
- Surah Al-Baqarah [2:256]There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.
- Some of the Jews were not satisfied with this new messiah:
- The Jews of Fadak went to speak to RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam)
- The land of Fadak was given to RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wa salam) when the Jews were defeated in the battle of Khaybar.
- They questioned him about his prophethood:
- How do you sleep? Because in the Jewish scriptures, it had been indicated that the final Prophet of God had a peculiar method of sleeping. RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) said he sleeps with his eyes closed but his heart is constantly aware of the presence of his lord. The Jews approved of his answer and said that was an indication of the final prophet.
- What of the child comes from the man, and what comes from the woman? RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) responded that the veins, the nerves and the bones come from the man. From the woman comes the flesh, the blood, the hair and the nails. The Jews approved of his answer and said that was an indication of the final prophet.
- How come some children look like their mother’s side of the family and others look like the father’s? RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) stated that it depends on which sides’ fluid is more dominant. The Jews approved of his answer and said that was an indication of the final prophet.
- What is your thought about God? To which RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) answered: Surah Al-Ikhlas [112:1]Say, “He is Allah , [who is] One,
- Who brought you the message from God? RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) responded: Angel Gabriel (as). To this the Jews answered that they don’t like Gabriel (as), but they like Michael (as). They said Michael (as) brings them peace and tranquillity while Gabriel (as) brings them calamity. They continued by saying that the family tree of prophethood begins with Prophet Abraham (as) who had two sons who became prophets. The sons are Prophet Ismaeel (Ishmail - as) and Prophet Ishaq (Isaac - as). From the line of Prophet Ishaq (as) we had prophets such as David (as), Solomon (as), Moses (as), and Jesus (as) but from the line of Prophet Ismaeel (as) we only have Prophet Muhammad (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) - they were upset that Gabriel (as) left the line of prophethood from Prophet Ishaq (as) and attached it to Prophet Ismaeel (as). To which RasulAllah quoted the Quran: Surah Al-Baqarah [2:97-98]Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur’an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah, confirming that which was before it and as guidance and good tidings for the believers.”Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael - then indeed, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.- The Quran and Gabriel (as) affirmed what had been given in the Torah and the Bible:
- In all three texts, Gabriel had brought divine guidance
- In all three texts, Gabriel is mentioned as an angel from God
- In all three texts, Gabriel (as) came alongside prophets
- In the 12th-13th century, it is possible that some Muslims also held this view of animosity towards Gabriel - these are an extremist group called the, “Ghorabiya”
- Ghorabiya - translates to crow/raven. In the Quran, it’s used in the story of Prophet Adam’s (as) children, Habil and Ghabil. And how Ghabil was so jealous of Habil to the point that he killed him and did not even burry him. Allah sent down a sign - a crow burying another crow, to which Ghabil felt ashamed that the crows had more mercy to their species than Ghabil had towards his brother. Surah Al-Maidah [5:31-32]Then Allah sent a crow searching in the ground to show him how to hide the disgrace of his brother. He said, “O woe to me! Have I failed to be like this crow and hide the body of my brother?” And he became of the regretful.
“Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land - it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one - it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors.”
- The Ghorabiya were predominantly in Syria, in Kufa, and in Tanzania
- They believed that Gabriel (as) made a mistake and that Gabriel (as) must be cursed day and night
- They used the hadith (narration) in which RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) stated:
- “Your position to me is like the position of Aaron (Haroon) to Moses, except that there shall be no prophet after me.”(1) Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English version, Traditions 5.56, 5.700 (2) Sahih Muslim, Arabic, v4, pp 1870-71 (3) Sunan Ibn Majah, p12 (4) Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v1, p174 (5) al-Khasa'is, by al-Nisa'i, pp 15-16 (6) Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, v2, p309
- They used this hadith to justify Imam Ali (as) and RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) being one and the same. That they were so similar that they both received the same revelation.
- This frame of thought is extremely far from the Shia Ithna Asheri (Twelver) ideology and must not be mistaken as similar.
- Rationally & &traditionally speaking, let’s break down this belief:
- Can we say rationally, Allah who created Gabriel (as) did not know he’d make a mistake? No.
- Can we say that Allah then made a mistake? No.
- This ideology does not suffice for us rationally.
- Traditionally, we have the Quran and the hadith that both make the claim that Gabriel (as) is the most trustworthy of angels. Surah Ash-Shura [26:193]The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down
- Four hadith which Imam Jawad - Muhammad ibn Ali (as) disputed:
- When asked about the hadith referring to Abu Bakr and Umar being the, “Masters of the Elders in Paradise”, Imam Jawad (as) said there are only youth in paradise. [And the master of youth of paradise are Imam Hassan ibn Ali (as) and Imam Hussain ibn Ali (as).]The Messenger of Allah said: "Al-Hasan and al-Husain are the chiefs of the youth of Paradise and Fatimah is the chief of their women." Sunni references: (1) Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, p660, on the authority of Abu Sa'id and Hudhayfa (2) Sunan Ibn Majah, Introduction 8 (3) al-Tabarani, on the authorities of: Umar, Ali, Jabir, Abu Hurayrah, Usamah Ibn Zaid, al-Baraa, Ibn 'Adi, and Ibn Masud. (4) al-Kubra, by al-Nisa'i (5) Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v1, pp 62,82, v3, pp 3,64, v5, p391 (6) Fada'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Hanbal, v2, p771, Tradition #1360 (7) al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v3, pp 166,167 (8) Hilyatul Awliyaa, by Abu Nu'aym, v5, p71 (9) Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p187 (10) Tuhfatul Ashraf, by Lumzi, v3, p31 (11) Ibn Habban, as mentioned in al-Mawarid, pp 551,553 (12) al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 3, p290 (13) Mishkat al-Masabih, by Khatib al-Tabrizi, English Version, Tdadition #6154
- Another hadith discussing the “light” that Abu Bakr and Umar will provide for people in Jannah (heaven). Imam Jawad (as) said that with the 124,000 prophets that will be present in Jannah, he doesn’t think the light of Abu Bakr and Umar will outshine the light of the prophets.
- When told about the hadith that Abu Bakr and Umar on earth similar to Michael (as) and Gabriel (as) in Jannah, Imam Jawad (as) responded that the two angels never once disobeyed Allah and never once worshipped any other than Allah, whereas Abu Bakr and Umar worshipped idols prior to their conversion to Islam.
- Finally, when asked about the hadith in which RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) stated that if there was another prophet after him, it would have been Umar…Imam Jawad (as) responded, the covenant of prophethood is between Allah and the prophets. The prophets cannot choose who will be a prophet after them. [Especially the prophet whom is the seal of prophets.]
- Surah Al-Ahzab [33:7]And [mention, O Muhammad], when We took from the prophets their covenant and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant.
- Surah Al-Imran [3:77]Indeed, those who exchange the covenant of Allah and their [own] oaths for a small price will have no share in the Hereafter, and Allah will not speak to them or look at them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them; and they will have a painful punishment.- So what do we say after our salah?
- Takbir - 3 times (Allahu Akbar)
- In the books of Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, Abdullah ibn Abbas has narrated that, “we knew that RasulAllah (sallalaho alayhi wa aalehi wasalam) was finished his salah when he would say takbirs three times.”
- Tasbih of Fatima Zahra - Fatima bint Muhammad (sa) after salah
- 34 times Allahu Akbar (God is the greatest), 33 times Alhamdulillah (Thank you God), 33 times SubhanAllah (Glorious is God)
- Imam Sadiq - Jaffar ibn Muhammad (as) says: whoever performs the tasbih of Fatima Zahra (as) directly after salah, the hellfire will not touch their body.
- Hadith of Gabriel (as) in Ahle Sunnah context regarding Imam Hussain (as):
- Hakim Al-Nishaburi:Narrated Aboo Al-Hussain Alee Ibn Abdul Rahman Al-Shaybani in Kufa from Ahmad Ibn Hazim Al-Ghafari from Khalid Ibn Mukhlid Al-Qatwani from Abdullah Ibn Wahab Ibn Zam’a from Umm Al-Salama who said: ‘One night the Messenger of Allah (saw) woke up suddenly from his sleep with fear and anxiety and after a while he slept again, then he woke up with less fear than the first time, then slept and woke up again after a while and in his hand there was red soil which he was smelling and kissing! Then I asked: “What is this soil O Messenger of Apostle of Allah (swt)? He said: “Jibreel (a.s) informed me that Hussain (a.s) will be killed in the soil of Iraq, then I said to Jibreel (a.s) show me the soil of the ground that Hussain (a.s) will be killed in it.’ Then he gave me this soil. - Al-Hakim: This narration is Saheeh (Authentic) by the criteria of Shaykhayn (i.e Bukhari and Muslim) but they have not narrated it. Al-Dhahabi: It is Saheeh by the criteria of Al-Bukhari and Muslim.Al-Albani:Prophet (saw) said: ‘Jibreel (a.s) came to me and informed me that my Ummah will kill this son of mine (Al-Hussain (a.s)) so I said: This son? He said: Yes, and he gave me some red soil.’ -Silsilat Al-Ahadith Al-Saheeh. Vol. 2, Pg. # 464. H. # 821.Al-Albani:Prophet (saw) said, “Jibreel came to me and informed me that my Ummah (nation) will kill my son (Hussain) and he brought me some red soil from amongst (Hussain’s) soil.” - Al-Albani: Narration is Saheeh (Authentic).Saheeh Al-Jamia Al-Saghir. Vol. 1, Pg. # 73.I pray Allah (swt) sends mercy & blessings upon Muhammad and his family <3Allahoma salli Alla Mohammad wa Aale Mohammad.Peace be upon you, oh reader. :)Assalamu alaykom wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu.
As followers of the Ahlul Bayt, we believe that Allah (SWT) is Unique in all His attributes, including being All-Hearing, All-Knowing, and All-Aware. However, Allah (SWT) often grants his special servants – like Prophets and Imams – a limited version of His Divine Attributes.
For example, Allah (SWT) is the One and Only Creator and Giver of Life. However, He granted Prophet Isa (Jesus) the ability to give life and to create. This is very clearly mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.
Also consider this example, God is the Only Eternal and Ever-Living. However, all Muslims believe that those who go to Paradise will be there forever, which means the inhabitants of paradise are also eternal. Is this a form of shirk? Obviously not.
These abilities are given by God to some of His servants, and as long as they believe that they have these abilities because God granted it to them and in a dependent way, then there is no shirk involved.
Therefore, believing that the Ahlul Bayt have a limited version of some of the Attributes of Allah (SWT) is not shirk in any way. It is simply believing in what the Qur’an has clearly stated.
As for the specific issue of the Ahlul Bayt knowing what we do, the Holy Qur’an clearly mentions that God, the Prophet and the Believers will see our actions, and the Ahlul Bayt are the best example of the believers.
“And say “Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers. And you will be brought backto the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do.” (9:105).
Answered by: Dr Ali Alsamail
Certified by: Sheikh Mansour Leghaei
It is clear that ‘opening’ the holy Quran and doing Istikhara with it are two completely different things. Istikhara is when a person cannot outweigh one act or thought over another, and is confused, so they turn to Almighty Allah who will guide them to which one to choose that would be best for him/her.
As for getting your fortune told and foretelling something with the holy Quran, this is something different, especially when it is to seek evil omen (tatayyur), which has been admonished.
An example for fortune telling is ‘will the sick person be cured or not’, or ‘will I find what I lost or not’.
Among the traditions that mention this, Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a.s.) has said:
“There should be no fortune telling with the Quran.”
[al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 629]
The effect of supplication and dua is without doubt something that is a spiritual element in the believer and will influence one’s fate and destiny, with reliance on Almighty Allah, and one does not need to resort to such things (as ‘opening’ the Quran).
Answered by: Sheikh Zaid Alsalami